Complete the following text with the suitable words from the box.


    Referred by locals as the Eighth Wonder of the World this ancient palace and fortress complex has significant archaeological importance and attracts thousands of (1) ____ every year. It is probably the most visited tourist (2) ____ of Sri Lanka. The palace is located in the heart of the island between the towns of Dambulla and Habarane on a massive rocky plateau 370 meters above the sea level.

    Sigiriya rock plateau, formed from magma of an extinct (3) ____, is 200 meters higher than the surrounding jungles. Its view astonishes the visitors with the unique harmony between the nature and human imagination.

    The fortress complex includes remnants of a ruined palace, surrounded by an extensive network of fortifications, vast gardens, ponds, canals, alleys and fountains. The surrounding territories of Sigiriya were inhibited for several thousand years.

    The main entrance is (4) ____ in the northern side of the rock. It was designed in the form of a huge stone lion, whose feet have survived up to today but the upper parts of the body were destroyed. Thanks to this lion the palace was named Sigiriya. The term Sigiriya (5) ____ from the word Sihagri, i.e. Lion Rock.

    One of the most striking features of Sigiriya is its Mirror wall. In the old days it was polished so thoroughly that the king could see his (6) ____ in it. The Mirror wall is painted with inscriptions and poems written by the visitors of Sigiriya.

    The most ancient inscriptions are dated from the 8th century. These inscriptions are proving that Sigiriya was a tourist destination more than a thousand years ago. Today, painting on the wall is strictly (7) ____.

    The buildings and gardens of Sigiriya show that the creators of this amazing (8) ____ monument used unique and creative technical skills and technologies. The construction of such a monument on a massive rock approximately 200 meters higher from the surrounding landscape required advanced architectural and engineering skills. The gardens of Sigiriya are among the oldest landscaped gardens in the world.

    Sigiriya has water gardens, cave and boulder gardens, and also terraced gardens. They are located in the western part of the rock and are with a complex hydraulic system, which (9) ____ of canals, locks, lakes, dams, bridges, fountains, as well as surface and underground water pumps. In the rainy season, all channels are filled with water, which begins to circulate through the whole (10) ____ of Sigiriya. Fountains of Sigiriya built in the V century, perhaps, are the oldest in the world.

    The palace and fortress complex is recognized as one of the finest examples of ancient urban planning. Considering the uniqueness of Sigiriya UNESCO declared it a World Heritage site in 1982. Sigiriya is an unmatched combination of urban planning, water engineering, horticulture and arts.

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Master Teacher

Mahasiswa/Alumni UIN Raden Intan Lampung

Jawaban terverifikasi


Sigiriya rock plateau, formed from magma of an extinct (3) ____, is 200 meters higher than the surrounding jungles.artinya "Dataran tinggi batuan Sigiriya, terbentuk dari magma yang punah (3) ____, lebih tinggi 200 meter dari hutan di sekitarnya."

Located artinya Terletak, Tourist artinya Turis, Destination artinya Tujuan, Originates artinya berasal, Volcano artinya gunung berapi, Shadow artinya bayangan, Architectural artinya arsitektur, Area artinya daerah,Consists artinya terdiri, Ancient artinya kuno, Reflection artinya refleksi, prohibited artinya larangan

Maka jawaban yang tepat adalah Volcano


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