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Pertanyaan

Read the text. Then, answer the questions

     Mass production involves making many copies of products, very quickly, using line techniques to send partially complete products to workers who each work on an individual step, rather than having a worker work on a whole product from start to finish. 

     Mass production of fluid matter typically involves pipes with centrifugal pumps or screw conveyors (augers) to transfer raw materials or partially complete product between vessel.  Fluid flow processes such as oil refining and bulk materials such as wood chips and pulp are automated using a system of process control which uses various instruments to measure variables such as temperature, pressure, volumetric and level, providing feedback. 
     Bulk materials such as coal, ores, grains and wood chips are handled by belt, chain, slat, pneumatic or screw conveyors, bucket elevators and mobile equipment such as front-end loaders. Materials on pallets are handled with forklifts. Also used for handling hear, like reels of paper, steel or machinery are electric overhead cranes, sometimes called cranes because they span large factory bays. 
       Mass production is capital intensive and energy intensive, as it uses a high of machinery and energy in relation to workers. It is also usually automated while total expenditure per unit of product is decreased. However, the machinery that is needed up a mass production line (such as robots and machine presses) is so expensive that there must be some assurance that the product is to be successful to attain profits.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mass_production 
 

Compare the passive and the active sentences. Which one is more appropriate in the context?

F. Aulia

Master Teacher

Mahasiswa/Alumni Universitas Indonesia

Jawaban terverifikasi

Jawaban

jawabannya adalah "Both active and passive voice in the text are used appropriately in each context."

Pembahasan

Soal tersebut meminta untuk membandingkan kalimat pasif dan aktif pada teks serta menentukan mana yang lebih tepat digunakan berdasarkan konteksnya.

Kalimat pasif atau passive voice digunakan untuk menggambarkan sebuah aksi yang dilakukan terhadap subjek kalimat, sedangkan kalimat aktif atau active voice digunakan untuk menggambarkan sebuah aksi yang dilakukan oleh subjek kalimat, misalkan terhadap suatu objek.

Pada teks tersebut, terdapat baik kalimat aktif maupun kalimat pasif. Contoh kalimat aktif pada teks tersebut adalah "Mass production involves making many copies of products ..." (Produksi massal melibatkan pembuatan banyak salinan produk), sedangkan contoh kalimat pasif pada teks tersebut adalah "Bulk materials such as coal, ores, grains and wood chips are handled by belt, chain, slat ..." (Bahan-bahan dalam jumlah besar, seperti batu bara, bijih-bijih, bulir-bulir, dan serpihan kayu diatur oleh sabuk, rantai, beroti ..."

Pada kedua kalimat tersebut, penggunaan kedua jenis kalimat sudah sesuai dengan konteks karena kalimat yang satu menggambarkan aksi yang dilakukan subjek sementara kalimat yang lainnya menggambarkan aksi terhadap subjek.

Dengan demikian, jawabannya adalah "Both active and passive voice in the text are used appropriately in each context."

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