Charles Robert Darwin was an English scientist, who proposed and provided evidence for the scientific theory that all species have envolved through natural selection. This theory became widely accepted by the scientific community in the 1930s, and now become the basic of modern evolutionary theory.
Darwin developed his interest in natural history at Edinburgh University while studying first medicine, then theology. His five-year voyage on the Beagle established him as a geologist whose observations and theories supported Charles Lyell’s uniformitarian ideas, and publication of his journal of the voyage made him famous as a popular author.
His study on the geographical distribution of wildlife that he collected during the voyage, resulting his theory of natural selection in 1838. Having seen other being attacked for similar ideas, he confided only to his closest friends and continued his research. In 1858, Alfred Russel Wallace sent him an essay describing a similar theory, causing the two to publish their early theories in a joint publication. In 1859 He published his famous book, the Origin Species.
“… he confided only to his closest friends…” (Paragraph 3)
The underlined word is similar in meaning with …
told a secret
made a group
conducted a research
Kata confided pada kalimat tersebut mempunyai makna sebenarnya “mengaku”. Pilihan jabawan (made a group) salah karena artinya “membentuk kelompok.” Jawaban (did observation) masih kurang tepat karena bermakna “melakukan observasi”. Sedangkan jawaban (conducted a research) juga salah karena berarti “melakukan penelitian”. Jawaban (told a secret) adalah jawaban yang tepat karena berdasarkan konteks kalimat makna dari kata “confided” mempunyai arti merahasiakan sesuatu.
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