Pertanyaan

Change each of the following direct speech into indirect one. "Tina must study harder if she wants to continue her studies abroad," Anto said.

Change each of the following direct speech into indirect one.


"Tina must study harder if she wants to continue her studies abroad," Anto said. 

D. Enty

Master Teacher

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bentuk indirect dari soal di atas adalah Anto said that Tina had to study harder if she wanted to continue her studies abroad.

bentuk indirect dari soal di atas adalah Anto said that Tina had to study harder if she wanted to continue her studies abroad.

Pembahasan

Kita diminta untuk mengubah kalimat langsung (direct speech) tersebut menjadi kalimat tidak langsung (indirect speech). Jenis kalimat direct speech tersebut adalah conditional sentences (kalimat pengandaian). Saat mengubah direct speech ke indirect speech, kita perlu memperhatikan tiga hal. Pertama, mengubah tenses. Kedua, mengubah pronoun . Ketiga, mengubah adverb of time. Dalam kalimat " Tina must study harder if she wants to continue her studies abroad," Anto said" menggunakan conditional type 1 maka akan diubah menjadi conditional type 2 , pronoun (kata ganti) yang digunakan merupakan t hird person pronouns ( kata ganti orang ketiga) “she” maka tidak mengalami perubahan. Tidak terdapat adverb of time ( keterangan waktu), sehingga tidak ada keterangan waktu perlu diubah. Direct speech Indirect speech Conditional type 1 (S+ modal “must” +V1+ If + S + V1) Conditional type 2 (S+ modal “had to” +V1 + If + S + V2) Anto said: “Tina must study harder if she wants to continue her studies abroad Anto said that Tina had to study harder if she wanted to continue her studies abroad Jadi, bentuk indirect dari soal di atas adalah Anto said that Tina had to study harder if she wanted to continue her studies abroad.

Kita diminta untuk mengubah kalimat langsung (direct speech) tersebut menjadi kalimat tidak langsung (indirect speech). Jenis kalimat direct speech tersebut adalah conditional sentences (kalimat pengandaian). Saat mengubah direct speech  ke indirect speech, kita perlu memperhatikan tiga hal. Pertama, mengubah tenses. Kedua, mengubah pronoun. Ketiga, mengubah adverb of time. Dalam kalimat "Tina must study harder if she wants to continue her studies abroad," Anto said"menggunakan conditional type 1 maka akan diubah menjadi conditional type 2, pronoun (kata ganti) yang digunakan merupakan third person pronouns (kata ganti orang ketiga) “she” maka tidak mengalami perubahan. Tidak terdapat adverb of time (keterangan waktu), sehingga tidak ada keterangan waktu perlu diubah.

Direct speech

Indirect speech

Conditional type 1

(S+ modal “must” +V1+ If + S + V1)

Conditional type 2

(S+ modal “had to” +V1 + If + S + V2)

Anto said: “Tina must study harder if she wants to continue her studies abroad

Anto said that Tina had to study harder if she wanted to continue her studies abroad

Jadi, bentuk indirect dari soal di atas adalah Anto said that Tina had to study harder if she wanted to continue her studies abroad.

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