Question 85- 90 are based on the following passage.
Pollution is an environmental concern for people throughout the world. One university study suggests that pollutants in the water, air, and soil cause up to 40 percent of the premature deaths in the world's population. The majority of these deaths occur in developing countries.
Water in many third world countries is contaminated with toxic chemicals, also known as toxins. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 1,1 billion people have little or no access to clean water. In may of these regions the water that is used for drinking, cooking, and washing is the same water that is used for dumping sewage and hazardous waste. Most developing countries cannot afford water treatment facilities. Approximately 80% of infectious diseases in the world are caused by contaminated water.
Air pollution is a growing problem throughout the world. Indoor air pollution is one of the leading cause of lung cancer. Families in developing countries use open stoves for cooking and heating their homes. These homes do not have proper ventilation. The smoke, which is full of chemical and carcinogens, gets trapped inside where families eat and sleep. Outdoor polluiton also cause disease and illness, especially in industrial cities such as Beijing, China, where cancer is the leading cause of death. China relies heavily on coal, which is considered the dirtiest source of energy. According to the European Union, only 1% of urban dwellers in China breathe clean air on an average day. Neighboring countries including Japan and Korea receive much of China pollution in the form of acid rain. This pollution results mainly from the coal-powered factories, which produce inexpensive goods for North American and European consumers. Outdoor air pollution is also concern in many wealthy countries. Those who live and work in urban centers such as Los Angeles of Toronto experience many warm days beneath a layer of smog.
Soil pollution is also a major concern, both in industrial and developing countries. Pollutants such as metals and pesticides leak into the earth's soil and contaminate the food supply. Soil pollution causes major health risks to entire ecosystems. This type of pollution reduces the amount of land suitable for agricultural production and contributes to global food shortages. Dumping for industrial and domestic waste products produces much of the world's soil pollution, though natural disasters can also add to the problem. In wealthy countries cush as the US, protection agencies monitor the food supply. The public is generally warned before major health outbreaks occur. Developing countries do not have this luxury. Farmers in poor nations grow food in contaminated soil both to earn a living and to avoid starvation.
As more people move to urban centers, premature death caused by pollution are expected to increase worlwide. Today, the developed nations who achieved their wealth at the expense of the environment will be held accountable for protecting the earth's resources for future generations.
(Adapted from http://www. englishclub. com)
Based on the passage, it can be hypothesized that premature deaths caused by pollution in cities will decrease worldwide if ____.
Fewer people move to live in urban centers
People are aware to protect the environments
We can decrease pollution and natural disasters
The developed nations care for the environments
People througout the world are concerned about the
Mahasiswa/Alumni Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta
Soal menanyakan jika bagaimana berdasarkan bacaan dapat dihipotesiskan bahwa kematian dini yang disebabkan oleh polusi di kota-kota akan menurun di seluruh dunia.
Pada paragraf terakhir, terdapat kalimat " As more people move to urban centers, premature death caused by pollution are expected to increase worlwide." yang artinya "Karena semakin banyak orang pindah ke pusat kota, kematian dini yang disebabkan oleh polusi diperkirakan akan meningkat di seluruh dunia." Kata worlwide seharusnya adalah worldwide, terdapat kesalahan penulisan bada bacaan.
Dari terjemahan, dapat disimpulkan jika kematian dini dapat menurun jika orang yang pindah untuk tinggal di pusat kota lebih sedikit atau pada pilihan jawaban "fewer people move to live in urban centers".
Dengan demikian, jawaban yang benar adalah A.
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