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An ecosystem, a term very often used in biology, is a community of plants and animals interacting with each other in a given area, and also with their non-living environments. The non-living environments include weather, earth, sun, soil, climate and atmosphere. The ecosystem relates to the way that all these different organisms live in close proximity to each other and how they interact with each other. For instance, in an ecosystem where there are both rabbits and foxes, these two creatures are in a relationship where the fox eats the rabbit in order to survive. This relationship has a knock on effect with the other creatures and plants that live in the same or similar areas. For instance, the more rabbits which foxes eat, the more the plants may start to thrive because there are fewer rabbits to eat them. Ecosystems can be huge, with many hundreds of different animals and plants all living in a delicate balance, or they could be relatively small. In particularly harsh places in the world, particularly the North and South Poles, the ecosystems are relatively simple because there are only a few types of creatures that can withstand the freezing temperatures and harsh living conditions. Some creatures can be found in multiple different ecosystems all over the world in different relationships with other or similar creatures. Ecosystems also consist of creatures that mutually benefit from each other. For instance, a popular example is that of the clownfish and the anemone – the clown fish cleans the anemone and keeps it safe from parasites as the anemone stings bigger predators that would otherwise eat clownfish. What is true about ecosystem according to the passage?

Pertanyaan

An ecosystem, a term very often used in biology, is a community of plants and animals interacting with each other in a given area, and also with their non-living environments. The non-living environments include weather, earth, sun, soil, climate and atmosphere. The ecosystem relates to the way that all these different organisms live in close proximity to each other and how they interact with each other. For instance, in an ecosystem where there are both rabbits and foxes, these two creatures are in a relationship where the fox eats the rabbit in order to survive. This relationship has a knock on effect with the other creatures and plants that live in the same or similar areas. For instance, the more rabbits which foxes eat, the more the plants may start to thrive because there are fewer rabbits to eat them.

Ecosystems can be huge, with many hundreds of different animals and plants all living in a delicate balance, or they could be relatively small. In particularly harsh places in the world, particularly the North and South Poles, the ecosystems are relatively simple because there are only a few types of creatures that can withstand the freezing temperatures and harsh living conditions. Some creatures can be found in multiple different ecosystems all over the world in different relationships with other or similar creatures. Ecosystems also consist of creatures that mutually benefit from each other. For instance, a popular example is that of the clownfish and the anemone – the clown fish cleans the anemone and keeps it safe from parasites as the anemone stings bigger predators that would otherwise eat clownfish.

What is true about ecosystem according to the passage?

  1. Ecosystem consists of living things.

  2. A species can only be a part of an ecosystem.

  3. All ecosystems are the same in the term of size.

  4. Clown fish and rabbit are the part of certain ecosystems.

     

  5. Living things avoid interacting with each other in an ecosystem.

N. Supriyaningsih

Master Teacher

Jawaban terverifikasi

Jawaban

jawaban yang benar adalah B. clown fish dan rabbit adalah makhluk hidup dan pastinya terlibat dalam suatu ekosistem tertentu. Pada paragraf pertama, rabbit diberikan sebagai contoh interaksi yang terjadi di dalam ekosistem, yaitu fox memangsa rabbit. Dalam paragraf kedua, clown fish diberikan sebagai contoh interaksi yang saling menguntungkan antara clown fish dan anemone stings.

Pembahasan

Pilihan A salah karena ekosistem terdiri dari makhluk hidup dan benda mati. Pilihan B salah karena makhluk tertentu bisa menjadi bagian dari beberapa ekosistem menurut kalimat “Some creatures can be found in multiple different ecosystems…” . Pilihan C salah karena ukuran ekosistem berbeda-beda, bisa saja kecil tapi bisa saja besar berdasarkan kalimat “Ecosystems can be huge…..or they could be relatively small.” Pilihan E benar karena makhluk hidup dalam sebuah ekosistem justru berinteraksi satu dengan yang lain. Jadi, jawaban yang benar adalah B. clown fish dan rabbit adalah makhluk hidup dan pastinya terlibat dalam suatu ekosistem tertentu. Pada paragraf pertama, rabbit diberikan sebagai contoh interaksi yang terjadi di dalam ekosistem, yaitu fox memangsa rabbit. Dalam paragraf kedua, clown fish diberikan sebagai contoh interaksi yang saling menguntungkan antara clown fish dan anemone stings.

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