Agroecologists do not always agree about what agro...

Agroecologists do not always agree about what agroecology is or should be in the long-term. Different definitions of the term agroecology can be distinguished largely by the specificity with which one defines the them "ecology," as well as the term's potential political connotations. Definitions of agroecology, therefore, may be first grouped according to the specific contexts within which they situate agriculture. Agroecology is defined as "the study of the relation of agricultural crops and environment." This definition refers to the "-ecology" part of "agroecology" narrowly as the nahiral environment. Following this definition, an agroecologist would study agriculture's various relationship with soil health, water quality, air quality, meso- and micro-sauna, surrounding flora, environmental, toxins, and other environmental contexs.

A more common definition of the word can be taken from Dalgaard et al., who refer to agroecology as the study of the interaction between plants, animals, humans, and the environment within agricultural systems. Consequently, agroecology is inherently multidisciplinary, including factors from agronomy, ecology, sociology, economics and relate disciplines. In this case, the "ecology" portion of "agroecology" is defined broadly to include social, cultural, and economic contexts as well.

In the global south, the term often carries overtly political connotations. Such political definitions of the term usually ascribe to it the goals of social and economic justice; special attention, in this case, is often paid to the traditional farming knowledge of indigenous populations. North American and European uses of the term sometimes avoid the inclusion of such overtly political goals. In these cases, agroecology is seen more strictly as a scientific discipline with less specific social goals.

Ideas is paragraph 2 and 3 define agroecology as shown in the consecutive relation as .....

  1. political and interactive approaches

  2. general and cross- authoritative sides

  3. multidisciplinary and restriced angles

  4. ecological and socio economic viewpoints

  5. agricultural and socio cultural perspectives


Hubungan antara paragraf 2 dan 3 yaitu dalam hal perbedaan pandangan terhadap definisi agroecology, di mana pada paragraf 2, definisinya mencakup berbagai disiplin ilmu (multidisciplinary), sedangkan pada paragraf 3, definisinya lebih terbatas hanya pada aspirasi atau pandangan masyarakat atau orang-orang yang tinggal di daerah tertentu yang berbeda dari daerah lainnya, maka jawaban C yang paling tepat.




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