A Memoir of WS Rendra
Willibrordus Surenda Broto REndra, known as WS Rendra was born in Solo on November 7, 1935. He was a poet, writer, dramatist, cultural activist, and theater director. He was on of the most talented artists and often clled “the peacock” by the press.
Rendra studied at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts, the same school as Marlon Brando, the greatest movie actor of all time. After he graduated, he returned to Indonesia in 1968, and he founded Bengkel Teater (Theater Workshop) in Yogyakarta. The group quickly astonished audiences with works that were artistically experimental. Rendra rose to fame as a poet in the 1950’s. he is also credited as the man who brought modern Indonesian theater to its maturity through his experimental woeks with Bengkel Teater. Rendra brought traditional expressions into modern context.
In 1969, he created a series of dramas without any dialogues where actors employed their bodies and simple sounds such as bip bop, zzzz and rambate rata-rata. The journalist poet Gunawan MOhamada dubbed these experimental performance as a “mini-word theater.”
Rendra died at the age of 73, but the remained he most influential poet in the country.
Why did Guanawan Muhammad call Rendra's series of drama as a "mini-word theater"?
they did not use verbal and body language
they used only simple sounds
they did not use dialogues
the actors only used their bodies
the actors just kept silent during the show
Berdasarkan kalimat “...he created a series of dramas without any dialogs” yang terdapat pada kalimat pertama di paragraf ke-3, dapat diketahui bahwa kata ‘mini word’ terinspirasi dari drama yang tidak menggunakan dialog, melainkan hanya suara-suara sederhana saja sehingga pilihan jawaban (C) adalah yang paling tepat. Pilihan jawaban (B) salah karena mereka juga menggunakan gestur tubuh dan (E) salah karena pemainnya tidak hanya terdiam.
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