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The following passage is for questions number 53-56!


    Joint ventures are a form of cooperative strategy where firms create an alliance in order to combine their resources and capabilities. The objective is to establish a stronger competitive position. Firms can diminish the negative effects of competitive rivals by building higher barriers to entry through amalgamating financial resources, research and development, production, and distribution channels. Joint Ventures increase the profitability of an industry by reducing competition in markets where both firms are present.

    The most common entry strategy for global firms to enter international markets is through joint ventures with local firms, followed by acquisitions. The supermarket chain Groupe Auchan created the joint venture Sun Art Retail Group with Taiwan conglomerate Ruentex to establish China's largest hypermarket chain. Global rivals Carrefour and Wai-Mart Stores, United Kingdom's Tesco, and Germany's Metro had to slow down plans in the country in view of the strength of the venture. Auchan recently restructured its stake in the joint venture with Ruentex, leading to the acquisition of a majority stake in Sun Art Retail Group.

    Other examples of this cooperative strategy include Microsoft and General Electric's Caradim, aimed at helping health industry use online medical records to improve health services. Google and Motorola joined forces to satisfy Google's strategy to acquire patents and Motorola'sefforts to compete with Apple's iPhone. Volkswagen Group and GM Motors have set up joint ventures with corporations in China, Mexico, Taiwan, Turkey, and India, among others. The objective was to establish manufacturing presence and distribution chains in the respective countries.

Adapted from: Channon & Sammut-Bonnici. (2014). Joint Ventures. Wiley Encyclopedia of management: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
 

"Firms can diminish the negative effects of competitive rivals by building higher barriers to entry through amalgamating financial resources, research and development, production, and distribution channels." (Sentence 3, Paragraph 1) The best word to replace the word 'amalgamating'in the sentence is ....

"Firms can diminish the negative effects of competitive rivals by building higher barriers to entry through amalgamating financial resources, research and development, production, and distribution channels." (Sentence 3, Paragraph 1)

The best word to replace the word 'amalgamating' in the sentence is ....

  1. dividing

  2. integrating

  3. isolating

  4. segregating

  5. separating

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D. Putri

Master Teacher

Mahasiswa/Alumni Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta

Jawaban terverifikasi

Jawaban

jawaban yang tepat untuk soal tersebut adalah B. integrating.

jawaban yang tepat untuk soal tersebut adalah B. integrating.

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Pembahasan

Jawaban yang tepat untuk pertanyaan tersebut adalah B. intehrating. Soal meminta untuk menentukan persamaan kata dari kata " amalgamating ".Kata tersebut berada pada kalimat " Firms can diminish the negative effects of competitive rivals by building higher barriers to entry through ' amalgamating ' financial resources, research and development, production, and distribution channels ." yang artinya "Perusahaan dapat mengurangi efek negatif dari pesaing kompetitif dengan membangun hambatan masuk yang lebih tinggi melalui ' penggabungan ' sumber daya keuangan, penelitian dan pengembangan, produksi, dan saluran distribusi." Berdasarkan terjemahhan tersebut, kata " amalgamating" berarti "menggabgungkan". Dari pilihan jawaban yang tersedia, kata yang memiliki makna yang sama dengan "menggabungkan" adalah ' intergrating ' yang artinya"mengintegrasikan". Jadi, jawaban yang tepat untuk soal tersebut adalah B. integrating.

Jawaban yang tepat untuk pertanyaan tersebut adalah B. intehrating.

Soal meminta untuk menentukan persamaan kata dari kata "amalgamating". Kata tersebut berada pada kalimat "Firms can diminish the negative effects of competitive rivals by building higher barriers to entry through 'amalgamating' financial resources, research and development, production, and distribution channels." yang artinya "Perusahaan dapat mengurangi efek negatif dari pesaing kompetitif dengan membangun hambatan masuk yang lebih tinggi melalui 'penggabungan' sumber daya keuangan, penelitian dan pengembangan, produksi, dan saluran distribusi."

Berdasarkan terjemahhan tersebut, kata "amalgamating" berarti "menggabgungkan". Dari pilihan jawaban yang tersedia, kata yang memiliki makna yang sama dengan "menggabungkan" adalah 'intergrating' yang artinya "mengintegrasikan".

Jadi, jawaban yang tepat untuk soal tersebut adalah B. integrating.

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The word "intense" in line 8 means ....

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