Rezky A

06 Juni 2024 13:37

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Rezky A

06 Juni 2024 13:37

Pertanyaan

5 soal PG PASSIVE + jwbannya, analisanya + text report + generic structure nya


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Khalifahtul R

Community

27 Juni 2024 03:12

<p>The following are 5 multiple choice questions about passive sentences along with answers, analysis, examples of text reports and their general structure: ### Multiple Choice Questions:</p><p>1. The new bridge **(build)** last year.</p><p>A. is built</p><p>B. was built</p><p>C. has been built</p><p>D. will be built</p><p>2. The book **(read)** by many students before the exam.</p><p>A. is read</p><p>B. was read</p><p>C. has been read</p><p>D. will be read</p><p>3. The cake **(bake)** by my mom yesterday.</p><p>A. is baked</p><p>B. was baked</p><p>C. has been baked</p><p>D. will be baked</p><p>4. The letter **(send)** to the wrong address.</p><p>A. is sent</p><p>B. was sent</p><p>C. has been sent</p><p>D. will be sent&nbsp;</p><p>5. The house **(clean)** every week by a professional cleaner.</p><p>A. is cleaned</p><p>B. was cleaned</p><p>C. has been cleaned</p><p>D. will be cleaned</p><p>### Answer:</p><p>1. B. was built</p><p>2. B. was read</p><p>3. B. was baked</p><p>4. B. was sent</p><p>5. A. is cleaned</p><p>### Analysis: Passive sentences are used when the subject of the sentence does not perform the action, but instead receives the action of the verb. In passive sentences, the subject is the recipient of the action carried out by the perpetrator. General passive sentence structure: Object + "to be" (is, am, are, was, were) + third form of verb (past participle) + by actor (if necessary)</p><p>### Example of Report Text (Text Report):&nbsp;</p><p>**Title: Report on Environmental Pollution in River X**</p><p>**Introduction:** The purpose of this report is to analyze the level of environmental pollution in River X. The study was conducted over a period of three months to assess the impact of human activities on the water quality.&nbsp;</p><p>**Findings:**</p><p>1. The water samples were collected and analyzed by the research team.</p><p>2. The results showed high levels of chemical pollutants in the river.</p><p>3. The presence of industrial waste was identified as a major contributor to the pollution.</p><p>&nbsp;**Recommendations:**&nbsp;</p><p>1. Immediate action should be taken to regulate industrial discharge into the river.&nbsp;</p><p>2. Public awareness campaigns should be initiated to educate the community on the importance of preserving water resources.&nbsp;</p><p>**Conclusion:**</p><p>In conclusion, the findings of this report highlight the urgent need for environmental conservation efforts to protect River X from further pollution.&nbsp;</p><p>### General Structure of Report Text:</p><p>1. **Introduction (Introduction):**&nbsp;</p><p>Explains the purpose and background of the report.</p><p>2. **Findings:**&nbsp;</p><p>Presents data or information found during research.&nbsp;</p><p>3. **Recommendations (Recommendations):**&nbsp;</p><p>Provide suggestions or steps that can be taken based on the findings.&nbsp;</p><p>4. **Conclusion (Conclusion):**&nbsp;</p><p>Summarizes the findings and provides an overall picture of the report.</p>

The following are 5 multiple choice questions about passive sentences along with answers, analysis, examples of text reports and their general structure: ### Multiple Choice Questions:

1. The new bridge **(build)** last year.

A. is built

B. was built

C. has been built

D. will be built

2. The book **(read)** by many students before the exam.

A. is read

B. was read

C. has been read

D. will be read

3. The cake **(bake)** by my mom yesterday.

A. is baked

B. was baked

C. has been baked

D. will be baked

4. The letter **(send)** to the wrong address.

A. is sent

B. was sent

C. has been sent

D. will be sent 

5. The house **(clean)** every week by a professional cleaner.

A. is cleaned

B. was cleaned

C. has been cleaned

D. will be cleaned

### Answer:

1. B. was built

2. B. was read

3. B. was baked

4. B. was sent

5. A. is cleaned

### Analysis: Passive sentences are used when the subject of the sentence does not perform the action, but instead receives the action of the verb. In passive sentences, the subject is the recipient of the action carried out by the perpetrator. General passive sentence structure: Object + "to be" (is, am, are, was, were) + third form of verb (past participle) + by actor (if necessary)

### Example of Report Text (Text Report): 

**Title: Report on Environmental Pollution in River X**

**Introduction:** The purpose of this report is to analyze the level of environmental pollution in River X. The study was conducted over a period of three months to assess the impact of human activities on the water quality. 

**Findings:**

1. The water samples were collected and analyzed by the research team.

2. The results showed high levels of chemical pollutants in the river.

3. The presence of industrial waste was identified as a major contributor to the pollution.

 **Recommendations:** 

1. Immediate action should be taken to regulate industrial discharge into the river. 

2. Public awareness campaigns should be initiated to educate the community on the importance of preserving water resources. 

**Conclusion:**

In conclusion, the findings of this report highlight the urgent need for environmental conservation efforts to protect River X from further pollution. 

### General Structure of Report Text:

1. **Introduction (Introduction):** 

Explains the purpose and background of the report.

2. **Findings:** 

Presents data or information found during research. 

3. **Recommendations (Recommendations):** 

Provide suggestions or steps that can be taken based on the findings. 

4. **Conclusion (Conclusion):** 

Summarizes the findings and provides an overall picture of the report.


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