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Simon B

13 Juli 2022 13:09

Pertanyaan

Fill in the blanks with suitable words from the box. - agriculture - annually - attracting - barriers - declining - economic - failure - households - integrate - percentage - prices - harvest Indonesia has started about its own economy in late 1980s when the trade policy reforms were implemented through a series of deregulation packages that were issued at least once each year and which aimed at converting non-tariff barriers into tariffs, rationalizing and reducing tariffs and removing rrestrictions on foreign investment. Between the mid-1960s and mid-1989s, the (1) ____ of Indonesian land area that was used for (2) ____ stayed constant at around 21 percent of Indonesia's total land area. Between that, in the mid-1980s this number rose to almost 25 percent until the late 1990s. Starting from 1998 another upsurge (due to the establishment of large scale plantations) made this number reach the current level of 30 percent. The Indonesian government has made a great effort to (3) ____ the Indonesian economy into the world economy. The process began in the mid-1980s and accelerated in the 1990s when the government reduced international trade (4) ____ substantially and opened up the economy to foreign investment. The impetus for indonesias market opening measures was the sharp drop in oil end of (5) ____ . The objective was to restructure the economy by diversifying the trade sector away from its heavy dependence on oil. Government policies were highly successful at (6) ___ foreign investment into light, labor-intensive export industries and led to the rapid growth of Indonesia’s manufacturing sector. One consequence is a (7) ____ share of agriculture in the total economy. In 1985, the share of agriculture in the gap stood at 23.2 percent. In response to the economic crisis, the government introduced a special distribution called program for rice in 1998. Under the program, up to 20 kg of rice was distributed monthly to needy (8) ___ at a price that was considerably below the market price. The number of target families was originally set at 7.4 million, but this has since been raised to 16.8 million. Of most concern to the government has been the increase in rice imports. During the past decade, there have been two weather-related increases in rice imports. The first occurred in 1995 and was caused adam! By the extremely low level of stocks and poor (9) ____ of the previous year. As a result, rice imports rose from an average of 300,000 tonnes (10) ____ in the early 1990s to almost 2 million tonnes annually in 1994-1996. The second occurred because of el niño of 1997 and 1998. This caused rice imports to rise even more to an average of 3 million tonnes annually during 1998-2000. Number 9


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A. Anania

Mahasiswa/Alumni Hanyang University

15 Juli 2022 03:05

Jawaban terverifikasi

Jawaban yang tepat untuk soal nomor 9 adalah “harvest”. Soal diatas meminta kita untuk mengisi bagian yang kosong dengan pilihan kata yang tepat. Teks pada kalimat nomor 9 memiliki arti “Yang pertama terjadi pada tahun 1995 dan disebabkan oleh tingkat stok yang sangat rendah dan …. buruk dari tahun sebelumnya”. Dari kalimat sebelumnya, kita mendapatkan informasi mengenai dua kali peningkatan impor beras dalam beberapa dekade terakhir yang disebabkan oleh cuaca. Dalam kalimat tersebut, sebelum bagian kosong terdapat kata “poor”, yaitu adjective. Oleh karena itu, bagian yang kosong harus diisi dengan noun atau kata benda. Dari pilihan kata benda yang ada, pilihan kata yang tepat adalah “harvest” yang berarti “panen”. Kalimatnya menjadi “The first occurred in 1995 and was caused by the extremely low level of stocks and poor harvest of the previous year,” yang artinya “Yang pertama terjadi pada tahun 1995 dan disebabkan oleh tingkat stok yang sangat rendah dan panen yang buruk dari tahun sebelumnya”. Jadi, kedua hal inilah yang mengakibatkan tingginya impor beras dalam beberapa dekade terakhir. Jadi, kata yang tepat untuk mengisi bagian yang kosong pada nomor 9 adalah “harvest”.


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