Lili R

23 Mei 2022 03:56

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Lili R

23 Mei 2022 03:56

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BALI FOLK STORIES: KEBO IWA AND LAKE BATUR Visitors to Bali often recognize Lake Batur as a beautiful lake in the centre of Bali, but very few know the origins of the sacred water source. Of course, though everything can be explained by science now, the Balinese have a folk story regarding the origins of Lake Batur. It’s the story of the helpful but gluttonous giant, Kebo Iwa. The mythical giant Kebo Iwa, whose first name literally means “ox”, is an iconic figure in old Balinese stories. Kebo Iwa is generally described as a gigantic figure who is generally good and gentle, but can become destructive if not given enough food. It’s also believed, based on archaeological evidence, that Kebo Iwa actually refers to a Balinese warrior that had close connections to Gajah Mada the legendary general known to have united Indonesia in the fourteenth century. For now, here’s the folk story of how Lake Batur came to be. Once upon a time, in a Balinese village, there lived a giant named Kebo Iwa. Being a giant, he had massive strength and also a massive appetite. The people in the village often asked Kebo Iwa’s help to build houses and repair temples. Kebo Iwa never asked for any money in return; he just wanted the villagers to prepare food. A lot of food, equivalent to the portion of 100 adults. The villagers had a hard time preparing that much food, even if Kebo Iwa did nothing that particular day. If the villagers failed to provide food, Kebo Iwa would become angry and destroy houses and temples. The food supply in the village gradually declined and people started to go hungry, except for Kebo Iwa. One day, the village was struck by a long draught. The rice fields were dry and filled with wilting rice plants. As the food in the village storage dwindled, the villagers started to fear Kebo Iwa’s wrath. He had to be fed constantly, but there was no harvest this year! Their fears were realized. Kebo Iwa appeared before them one day, demanding for food. Seeing that the villagers could not provide food to satiate his bottomless maw, he began to rampage through the village. He destroyed houses and temples and ate cattle. Everyone fled for safety, terrified of Kebo Iwa’s power. But, as they saw their sacred temples being reduced to rubble by Kebo Iwa’s might, the villagers’ fear evolved into vengeance. “How dare he destroy our gods’ dwelling!” said the village chief. So, the villagers cooked up a plot to get rid of Kebo Iwa. After the rampage, Kebo Iwa was tired. The villagers approached him, with loads of food they managed to scrounge up. Kebo Iwa gobbled up all the food and made a deal with the villagers. He would help them rebuild, and they will provide food for him from thereon. Lulled by the promise of eternal food, Kebo Iwa gladly accepted the offer. Kebo Iwa kept his word. He helped the villagers rebuild the temples and houses. Owing to his strength, half of the village was rebuilt in a matter of days. While he was working, the villagers were secretly gathering limestone. A lot of limestone. “After you rebuild our village, we’re going to build you a big, luxurious house!” said the village chief. Kebo Iwa was delighted. He worked harder. After the village was fully rebuilt, Kebo Iwa’s final task was to dig a well so the villagers could have enough water. He dug and dug and dug. A mountain of earth began to form. The villagers kept providing food for him as he continued digging. One day, Kebo Iwa fell asleep in the hole. He ate too much and was exhausted. Upon hearing his snores, the villagers knew it was their time. They started dumping the limestone into the well. Kebo Iwa was fast asleep. He woke up when he realized he was suffocating on water mixed with limestone. He jolted awake, struggling to keep above of the rising water. But, despite his strength, he could not escape the sticky mixture of limestone and water. He could only scream and writhe, until he met his demise, buried under water and limestone. The villagers cheered, they were finally free from their oppressor! What value do you get from the text above? A. It is fair to expect something in return. B. We must be contented for what we have. C. Be thankful for the goodness you receive. D. Do whatever it takes to get what you want. E. Be helpful to other people without expecting our due


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T. Azzahra

Mahasiswa/Alumni Universitas Bengkulu

10 Juni 2022 09:38

Jawaban terverifikasi

Jawaban untuk soal di atas adalah E. Be helpful to other people without expecting our due. Soal ini menanyakan pelajaran yang bisa diambil dari cerita tersebut. Pada paragraf ketiga terdapat kalimat "he just wanted the villagers to prepare food. A lot of food, equivalent to the portion of 100 adults" yang artinya "dia hanya ingin penduduk desa menyiapkan makanan. Banyak makanan, setara dengan porsi 100 orang dewasa." Kemudian diceritakan bahwa "If the villagers failed to provide food, Kebo Iwa would become angry and destroy houses and temples" yang artinya "Jika penduduk desa gagal menyediakan makanan, Kebo Iwa akan marah dan menghancurkan rumah dan kuil." Di paragraf terakhir dituliskan "He could only scream and writhe, until he met his demise, buried under water and limestone" yang artinya "Dia hanya bisa berteriak dan menggeliat, sampai dia menemui ajalnya, terkubur di bawah air dan batu kapur." Cerita tersebut mengisahkan tentang Kebo Iwa yang selalu menuntut balasan atas semua bantuan yang dia berikan kepada warga dengan cara memberikannya makanan. Sementara warga merasa tertekan, marah dan balas dendam dengan menguburnya di sumur yang dia gali sendiri. Berdasarkan cerita yang diberikan tersebut, dapat disimpulkan bahwa hal yang dapat dipelajari adalah kita harus menjadi orang yang bermanfaat untuk orang lain tanpa mengharapkan balasan apa-apa. Dengan demikian kalimatnya menjadi "Be helpful to other people without expecting our due" yang artinya "Bermanfaat bagi orang lain tanpa mengharapkan balasan." Jadi, jawaban yang tepat adalah E. Be helpful to other people without expecting our due.


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