This passage is for the following question!     A nutritious, well-balanced diet – along with physical activity and refraining from smoking – is the foundation of good health. Healthy eating includes consuming high-quality proteins, carbohydrates, heart-healthy fats, vitamins, minerals, and water in the foods we take in while minimizing processed foods, saturated fats, and alcohol. Eating in this manner helps us maintain our body’s everyday functions, promotes optimal body weight, and can assist in disease prevention.     The nutrients in the foods we eat support the activities of day-to-day living, protect our cells from environmental damage, and repair any cellular damage that might occur. Protein rebuilds injured tissue and promotes a healthy immune system. Both carbohydrates and fats fuel our body, while vitamins and minerals function throughout our body in support of our body’s processes. Vitamins A, C. and E, for example, act as antioxidants to protect our cells against toxins, and B vitamins help us extract energy from the foods we eat. Calcium and phosphorus keep our bones strong, while sodium and potassium help to transmit nerve signals.     In addition to the quality of the foods we consume, the quantity matters when considering good eating habits. Taking in the same number of calories as we burn ensures our weight remains steady over time. Consuming more than we burn, on the other hand, results in weight gain as our body converts extra calories to fat tissue. When we accumulate fat tissue, we increase our risk of developing one or more health problems, including heart disease, hypertension, respiratory issues, diabetes, and cancer. A healthy meal plan without excess calories helps us not only feel better but can prolong our life.     Obesity is not the only nutrition-related cause of disease onset and progression. Too much or too little of certain nutrients can also contribute to health issues. For instance, a lack of calcium in our diet can predispose us to developing osteoporosis or weakening of our bones, while too much saturated fat can cause cardiovascular disease, and too few fruits and vegetables in your nutrition plan is associated with an increased incidence of cancer. In addition to consuming foods from a wide variety of sources helps ensure our body has the nutrients it needs to avoid these health problems, a regular physical activity should also be given careful attention.  The passage can be best summarized as … (SBMPTN 2016)

Pertanyaan

This passage is for the following question!


    A nutritious, well-balanced diet – along with physical activity and refraining from smoking – is the foundation of good health. Healthy eating includes consuming high-quality proteins, carbohydrates, heart-healthy fats, vitamins, minerals, and water in the foods we take in while minimizing processed foods, saturated fats, and alcohol. Eating in this manner helps us maintain our body’s everyday functions, promotes optimal body weight, and can assist in disease prevention.

    The nutrients in the foods we eat support the activities of day-to-day living, protect our cells from environmental damage, and repair any cellular damage that might occur. Protein rebuilds injured tissue and promotes a healthy immune system. Both carbohydrates and fats fuel our body, while vitamins and minerals function throughout our body in support of our body’s processes. Vitamins A, C. and E, for example, act as antioxidants to protect our cells against toxins, and B vitamins help us extract energy from the foods we eat. Calcium and phosphorus keep our bones strong, while sodium and potassium help to transmit nerve signals.

    In addition to the quality of the foods we consume, the quantity matters when considering good eating habits. Taking in the same number of calories as we burn ensures our weight remains steady over time. Consuming more than we burn, on the other hand, results in weight gain as our body converts extra calories to fat tissue. When we accumulate fat tissue, we increase our risk of developing one or more health problems, including heart disease, hypertension, respiratory issues, diabetes, and cancer. A healthy meal plan without excess calories helps us not only feel better but can prolong our life.

    Obesity is not the only nutrition-related cause of disease onset and progression. Too much or too little of certain nutrients can also contribute to health issues. For instance, a lack of calcium in our diet can predispose us to developing osteoporosis or weakening of our bones, while too much saturated fat can cause cardiovascular disease, and too few fruits and vegetables in your nutrition plan is associated with an increased incidence of cancer. In addition to consuming foods from a wide variety of sources helps ensure our body has the nutrients it needs to avoid these health problems, a regular physical activity should also be given careful attention. 


The passage can be best summarized as … (SBMPTN 2016)space   

  1. Consuming balanced diet both in quality and quantity can avoid health problems.space   

  2. Consuming fresh foods in a large quantity helps us keep our healthy life.space   

  3. Nutrition contained in foods determine the quality of food consumption.space   

  4. Good eating habits prolongs our life expectancy and enhance our lifestyle.space   

  5. A healthy lifestyle helps people have a better quality of life.space   

A. Kencana

Master Teacher

Jawaban terverifikasi

Jawaban

pilihan jawaban yang tepat adalah A. undefined 

Pembahasan

Untuk menentukan ringkasan yang tepat dari teks tersebut, kita harus mengetahui gagasan utama dari setiap paragrafnya.

Gagasan utama paragraf 1 adalah "makanan yang bergizi dan seimbang (disertai aktivitas fisik dan menghindari merokok) merupakan fondasi untuk kesehatan yang baik".

Gagasan utama paragraf 2 adalah "nutrisi (karbohidrat, lemak, vitamin, kalsium, dan fosfor) melindungi sel kita dari bahaya lingkungan dan memperbaiki kerusakan sel".

Gagasan utama paragraf 3 adalah "Selain kualitas, kita juga harus memperhatikan kuantitas makanan yang dikonsumsi".

Gagasan utama paragraf 4 adalah "Nutrisi tertentu jika dikonsumsi terlalu banyak atau sedikit dapat menyebabkan masalah kesehatan".

Berdasarkan gagasan utama yang telah ditemukan, kita dapat menyimpulkan bahwa teks tersebut secara keseluruhan menyampaikan informasi bahwa kualitas (bergizi atau tidak) dan kuantitas (jumlah) makanan yang dikonsumsi harus diperhatikan karena mengonsumsi makanan yang seimbang dari segi kualitas dan kuantitas akan mencegah masalah kesehatan. Dengan demikian, ringkasan yang tepat adalah ringkasan yang mencakup informasi tersebut, yaitu "Consuming balanced diet both in quality and quantity can avoid health problems".

Pilihan B tidak tepat karena hanya membahas kuantitas makanannya saja.

Pilihan C dan D tidak tepat karena hanya membahas kualitas makanannya saja (good eating habits/ kebiasaan makan yang baik pada pilihan D termasuk "kualitas").

Pilihan E juga tidak tepat karena justru membahas healthy lifestyle yang bukan menjadi fokus pembahasan. Selain itu, ringkasan ini hanya membahas tentang "kualitas".

Jadi, pilihan jawaban yang tepat adalah A. undefined 

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