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The dialogue is for the following question. Jihan: Glen, Nina told me that when you and the others were on your way to the beach last week, you suddenly stop driving. Why? Glen: Well, I had to have a break. I ____ for so long, and none wanted to replace me. Jihan: How long ____ before you decided to stop? Glen: Three hours The best answer to complete the sentence is ....

Pertanyaan

The dialogue is for the following question.


Jihan: Glen, Nina told me that when you and the others were on your way to the beach last week, you suddenly stop driving. Why?

Glen: Well, I had to have a break. I ____ for so long, and none wanted to replace me.

Jihan: How long ____ before you decided to stop?

Glen: Three hours


The best answer to complete the sentence is .... space space 

  1. have been driving; have you been drivingspace space

  2. have been driving, had you been drivingspace space

  3. had been driving, you had been drivingspace space

  4. had been driving, had you been drivingspace space

  5. had been driving;  had you drivenspace space

D. Yaniar

Master Teacher

Mahasiswa/Alumni UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta

Jawaban terverifikasi

Jawaban

jawaban yang tepat adalah D.space space

Pembahasan

Pada dialog, Nina menanyakan alasan Glen tiba-tiba berhenti menyetir dalam perjalannya dengan temannya ke pantai minggu lalu. Glen mengatakan, "Aku butuh istirahat. Aku ____ begitu lama.". Frasa "begitu lama" (for so long) menunjukkan adanya durasi waktu. Lalu, frasa "tiga tahun" (three years) juga merupakan durasi waktu. 

Untuk menyatakan peristiwa yang sudah terjadi selama durasi waktu tertentu sebelum/ketika peristiwa lainnya terjadi di masa lampau digunakan Past Perfect Continuous Tense. Pola kalimat positifinya adalah "S+had+been+Ving", sedangkan pola kalimat tanyanya adalah "Had+S+been+Ving?". Jadi, kata yang tepat untuk mengisi bagian rumpang pertama adalah had been driving, sedangkan kata yang tepat untuk mengisi bagian rumpang kedua adalah had you been driving.

Kedua kalimat rumpang secara utuh akan menjadi "I had been driving for so long, and none asked to replace me." (Aku sudah menyetir begitu lama, dan tidak ada satu orang pun yang bersedia menggantikanku) dan "How long had you been driving before you decided to stop?" (Sudah berapa lama kamu menyetir sebelum kamu memutuskan untuk berhenti?).

Dengan demikian, jawaban yang tepat adalah D.space space

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